Why good oral hygiene is essential
We all know the basic oral hygiene recommendations: brushing twice a day, flossing regularly and regular check-ups at the dentist. But what actually happens if we ignore this advice and do not clean our teeth thoroughly?
Formation of plaque and tartar
Immediately after eating, bacteria in our mouths begin to decompose food remains. In the process, they produce acids that mix with saliva and food remains and form dental plaque. If this plaque is not removed regularly, it can harden and become tartar, which can only be removed professionally.
Caries and tooth decay
The acids produced by bacteria attack the enamel and can lead to tooth decay. If left untreated, caries can penetrate deeper into the tooth and lead to painful infections or even the loss of the tooth. In addition, food debris accumulates in the spaces between our teeth.
Dental plaque at the gumline can lead to gingivitis (inflammation of the gums). Symptoms are red, swollen and easily bleeding gums. If gingivitis is not treated, it can develop into periodontitis, a more serious inflammation that affects the jawbone and can lead to tooth loss.
Another sign of inadequate oral hygiene is bad breath. Bacteria that accumulate between the teeth, on the tongue and at the gum line produce sulphurous compounds that cause an unpleasant odour.
Discolouration and aesthetic problems
Coffee, tea, red wine and tobacco can cause tooth discolouration. Without regular cleaning, these discolourations can become permanent and affect the appearance of the smile.
Other health problems
Careful and regular oral care is the key to preventing many dental problems and visiting a dentist's office. It can also significantly reduce the need for dentures and other implants. Removing plaque and bacteria daily by brushing and flossing thoroughly minimises the risk of tooth decay and gum disease. Gum disease, especially periodontal disease, can lead to receding gums and loss of teeth, which in turn can increase the need for implants or dentures.
In addition, good oral hygiene can help strengthen tooth enamel and protect teeth from wear and breakage. So by investing in consistent oral care, you can not only preserve your natural teeth for longer but also avoid costly and invasive dental procedures.
In addition, there is growing evidence that gum disease can be linked to other health problems such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes and strokes. So good oral hygiene can also help promote overall well-being.