The caries treatment procedure
There are different treatment options for tooth decay. These depend entirely on how advanced the caries is.
If caries is still in the early stages, fluoridation is sufficient. Fluoride, a mineral, is built into the tooth enamel and makes it more resistant to decay. You can take fluoride with a fluoride gel or toothpaste.
However, if the decay is more advanced, it will need to be removed at the dentist's office. The decayed substance is removed with a drill and filled with either an amalgam or a dental filling. In more severe cases of caries, a crown may be used to replace the entire tooth surface. If tooth decay is detected early enough, it can usually be treated effectively without damaging the tooth substance.
To prevent further damage, the dentist may also suggest preventive measures such as fluoride treatments, sealants and regular professional dental cleanings. These preventive measures help to reduce plaque build-up and strengthen weakened tooth enamel, which reduces your risk of getting cavities in the future.